Terminology

ASTM Guide To Care Symbols

Just reading that title conjures up those little symbols on your clothing tags that nobody understands, right? 

So, what exactly is the ASTM? From their website: 

"American Society for Testing and Materials, is a globally recognized leader in the development and delivery of international voluntary consensus standards."

So let's skip the business speak, what do they do in laymen's terms? We've all heard about people "writing the book" on something, right? As far as clothing goes, they literally wrote the book on how to care for textiles. It's not all they've written the book on, but for the sake of this post I'm just going to stick with that. 

The symbols are supposed to be simple, space saving, and are meant to be easily understood without being language specific but who here actually knows what those symbols mean? NOBODY! 

Thankfully we were talking about this in my merchandising class and now I'm passing along the information. 

If you've ever wondered what the symbols meant, this is for you. 

ASTM Guide To Care SymbolsClick to view larger

Now you're going to grab a piece of clothing to see if the symbols match the written directions, aren't you? Don't worry, I did the same thing. HA! 

Amanda ❤

Terminology: Downy Calves

7f85d858fb8735d57a6de5d31c0c592cAs women, we're used to seeing padded shapewear in stores. Some of us may even own a piece or two, to give more oomph in some of the areas that we think we're lacking in. In other words, boobs and butt. But for guys it's a fairly new thing, right? Padded underwear, and undershirts to make it seem like they have pecs. 

Think again! Back in the late 18th century, there was a thing called 'Downy calves'. Downy calves were extra padding that was woven into men's stockings to make their calves appear more shapely. 

So no longer can men say, "The things women do for fashion" because men have done some pretty outrageous things too. 

I find it quite funny, mostly because I have huge calves and wouldn't want to do anything to make them seem bigger than what they are. 

The more you know! 

Amanda ❤

Terminology: Karats vs. Carats

Karats Vs. CaratsOne of the projects that we had during the last semester was a group project where we were assigned fine jewelry. While I learned quite a lot about precious and semi-precious stones, metals, cuts, history, brilliance, fire, and scintillation, the thing that kept throwing me off was karats, with a 'K' and carats, with a 'C'. 

What was the difference? 

Karat is used as a unit of purity with gold. 24 karats is pure gold, but it's usually mixed with another metal, like copper or silver because pure gold is soft and malleable. 

Carat is a unit of weight for diamonds and other gemstones. 

...and that's the difference! Simple, but it's something that I've remembered ever since. 

Amanda ❤

Terminology: Types of Lapels

Yesterday I talked about how there's going to be changes around here. One of the things that I want to start posting are fashion terms. I mean, I AM learning fashion merchandising and how are you going to know what I'm talking about, if you don't know what I'm talking about? So to start things off, men let's talk about lapels.

Types of Lapels

First off, a lapel is the turned back section of a blouse, shirt, jacket, or coat that joins the collar. The side that folds back is called a revers and is cut into different shapes. 

1.) Notched. This is what you usually see on shirts and suit jackets. These are two separate pattern pieces. 

2.) Cloverleaf. Both the collar and lapel are rounded where they meet. They're usually found on women's blouses and on old school 70's tuxedos. 

3.) Peaked. Separate pattern pieces. The lapel has a V-shaped ending with the collar fitting into it. 

4.)Fishmouth. Although similar to the notched lapel, the difference is that the fishmouth is one pattern piece. The collar may be rounded while the lapel is but slanted. 

5.) Shawl. One pattern piece where the collar and lapel are rounded through from top to bottom. Usually reserved for modern tuxedos. 

6.) L-Shaped. Lapel cut straight across with a narrow rounded collar. 

Here are some examples: 

Cloverleaf lapel

Cloverleaf

 

Fishmouth lapel

Fishmouth

 

Gerard Butler Shawl LapelShawl

 

RDJ Peaked Lapel Jeremy Renner Notched LapelRDJ has a Peaked lapel and Jeremy Renner has a notched lapel. 

So there we have it. The first terminology post. That wasn't so bad now was it? I'm really glad that I'm learning all these different thing in school. It's completely fascinating to me that I want to share it with you guys. 

Merry Christmas Eve! 

*images via Google

Amanda ❤